Castles and palaces in
South-Germany
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Preamble

English summary of these internet-pages:

he regions "Kraichgau" and "Unterland" and the region "Stuttgart" and "Ludwigsburg" are parts of the State "Baden-Württemberg" in South Germany. You can find a lot of Castles in the valleys of the river "Rhine" and "Neckar" which flow through these regions. Today you can find here a lot of industry with the centre of automobile-industry (Audi, Mercedes, Porsche) and mechanical-engineering (Bosch, Siemens). Heilbronn is the centre of the region Unterland. The region Kraichgau is situated between the towns Heidelberg, Karlsruhe, Pforzheim and Heilbronn, the frontier in the north is the river "Neckar". Stuttgart and Ludwigsburg are south of Heilbronn. Stuttgart is the provincial capital and the biggest city of the State Baden-Württemberg.

www.burgen-web.de is the most extensive page about castles in Baden-Württemberg. On this page you can find more than a hundred different castles, palaces and mounds and a lot of information about the modern resarch about castles and mounds and the survey of these objects. One topic is about the reconstruction by virtual-reality and modelling. Other topics are about our exhibitions and archaeology. The visitor can also find pages about the World War II and other history topics. If you have any questions do not hesitate to mail us (look: Contact-button).

History
Already the Romans settled in this fertile area with a lot of forest and vineyards (for example the vine "Trollinger") . In the Middle Ages a lot of noblemen built castles in this area. In the region Kraichgau alone you can find about 300 castles. Fifty percent of these buildings are now mounds and sometimes it is only possible to find the position of these mounds on old maps or only a name of a mountain tells us that where used to be an old castle. Some of the castles are now ruins. A lot of the buildings were small constructions (keeps, donjons,"Wohnturm") of the gentry who administered the area for the aristocrates. The masonry of the defences are often built with square-stones ("Buckelquader") made of sandstone sometimes built with rag-work.

Earlier castles, are now all mounds, the so called "Fluchtburgen". These very simple defences in this region were circuits with earth walls with a moat located on a mountain or an estrade near the villages, sometimes with a forcourt and without military towers and great buildings. The walls had wooden palisades or pile-work. The peasants built these very simple castles to to be protected from armies. For example the Hungarian horsemen which invaded this area in the 10th century.

A typical Southern-German construction was the so called "Schildmauerburg", a small castle without a belfry or keep and without outerwork, towers or turrets with only one circuit and a moat and in the quadrant there was a building. The castle was secured by one very high, thick stoned wall (parapet), often with a triforium on it. (For example Burg Zuzenhausen).

A lot of castles were built in the area of the Staufer-Kaiser in the 12th and 13th century. These Romanesque "Staufer-Burgen" often have high massive belfries with square-stones and often mason's marks. A lot of castles are in good condition, for example Burg Guttenberg near Heilbronn and Burg Steinsberg near Sinsheim/Heidelberg with a pentagonal belfry.


In the 17th and 18th century a lot of rich monarches and noblemen built very comfortable and artistic palaces with extensive gardens and parks. (For example: Schloß Ludwigsburg or a part of Schloß Heidelberg). These mostly baroque buildings show the wealth and the interest in art of the former monarches.

(c) 2000 by Buchali

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